The Cestnut
of 100 Horses

We will announce the winner on
 22nd March
European Tree
of the Year 2022

The Chestnut of 100 Horses, winner of the Italian Tree of the Year 2021, is now a candidate for European Tree of the Year 2022.

Follow the contest results with us

The Chestnut of the 100 Horses, on the slopes of Etna, is perhaps the most famous chestnut in the world. It is thought to be over 3,000 years old.


It currently consists of three large stems which, according to some scholars, share the same root system. If so, it would also be the largest tree in the world, as well as being the oldest fruit tree.

Legend has it that Queen Joan of Aragon took shelter with all her knights under the branches of this huge tree, following a storm. Since then the chestnut, also visited and described by Goethe and many other writers and artists, has been called "The chestnut with 100 horses".

  • nickname: Castagno dei 100 Cavalli
  • common name: Castagno
  • scientific name: Castanea sativa
  • height: 19.42 meters
  • circumference: 10.51 meters
  • age: over 3,000 years estimated
  • peculiarity: it is the oldest and largest chestnut known in the world
  • location: Sant'Alfio - Catania - Sicily

European Tree of the Year 2022

Vote for our

Castagno dei 100 Cavalli

(it will be possible to vote starting from February 1st)

Giant Trees Foundation Onlus supports the importance of protecting and safeguarding trees by promoting and organising the European Tree of the Year challenge for Italy in collaboration with the Central Forestry Department (MIPAAF). The international competition was created to highlight the history of these trees, their connection with the population, the territory and the environment.

It has also received the support of the Ministry of Public Education, the Ministry of Public Goods, the personal support of many national ministers and politicians belonging to different political backgrounds, of the Carabinieri and particularly of the Forestry Carabinieri, of various Italian universities, Professional orders and numerous environmental and cultural associations.